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The Indian Constitution, the longest of any sovereign nation in the world, provides a comprehensive

framework to guide and govern the country, keeping in view her social, cultural and religious


A distinctive document with many extraordinary features, the Constitution of India is the longest

written constitution of any sovereign nation in the world. The original text of the Constitution

contained 395 articles in 22 parts and eight schedules. It came into effect on January 26, 1950, the

day that India celebrates each year as the Republic Day. The number of articles has since increased

to 448 due to 100 amendments.

The Constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly of India, established by the members of

the provincial assemblies elected by the people of India. Dr Sachidanand Sinha was the first

president of the Constituent Assembly. Later, Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected

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